One of the five pillars of Islam is fasting. It is a demonstration of faith in which hypocrisy and ostentation had no place, and only God has knowledge of its truth.
Ramadan is a time of reflection and practicing spiritual discipline. Muslims express gratitude for God’s guidance and seek forgiveness for their past sins.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) described Ramadan as the Holy month. “When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened, and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.”
For the Muslim, Ramadan is a time of great solidarity. It is an extended time in the year when people in communities come together for a shared sacrifice and a common celebration.
The wisdom and philosophy of fasting on Muslims is the strengthening of their soul to resist the desires and cravings of the body. Fasting decreases the needs of the body and prevents the human being from committing acts that are not consistent with proper behaviour, and thus the fasting reinforces the human spirit.
Fourteen centuries ago, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) prescribed “fasting to be healthy.” The Prophet of Islam has said: “The stomach is the place for every pain; prevent gorging and inappropriate eating. This act is medicinal for every illness and disease.”
After fourteen centuries, modern human medicine has found that fasting treats many diseases. Based on this, many countries have fasting clinics. Fasting doesn’t just affect the human spirit and morality, but also makes the human body beautiful and handsome.
Ancient medicine often prohibited patients from inappropriate eating and believed that reducing gorging and improper eating cured many diseases. Modern medicine also teaches that forbearance and fasting are effective in preventing many diseases. What they call "dieting."